Hence arises a period of depression in the carpet trade, with a decrease of profitable production, and consequent unemployment; and this in the future, in the face of higher wages and more keenly realised responsibilities towards employees, will certainly be an even more serious matter than it has been in the past.

The matter of the import of foreign goods has been mentioned in the chapter on Hand-made Carpets; and all that was said therein as regards the unrestricted entrance into the British market of Eastern and Continental productions applies to some extent to their competition with all makes and grades of carpet. The home market for carpets is a large one normally, but it is not capable of indefinite expansion; the consumption has its limits; and if the market is invaded by foreign goods, the consumption and the price of the domestic product will quickly fall with unpleasant if not disastrous results upon the industry.

The dangers indicated axe real ones, serious alike for 의정부오피 Capital and Labour, who, more than ever in the past, will have to stand or fall together; and they deserve consideration, as regards the way in which they may best be met.

As previously indicated, various Associations exist in the Carpet Trade; but it may be admitted that there is scope for better organisation as regards consideration of matters that affect the Industry as a whole. If it is to be on a firm foundation, there should be a more complete recognition of the fact that the interests of all units of the trade are identical. Further, in any new scheme of combination the position of Labour will have to be recognised, and its co-operation cordially welcomed. Some such scheme as is outlined in the well-known Whitley Report, though it is by no means free from difficulties, may materialise, possibly in a modified form. The principle at any rate is a good one; and carpet manufacturers have had no cause to complain of their relations with their employees (nor vice versâ) in the past, nor any cause for doubting a reasonable attitude on the part of Trade Unions in the future. No reasonable employers in the Carpet Trade will begrudge their employees a fair remuneration for their work, nor improved conditions of working. Nor, on the other hand, will they be sorry to admit Trade Union representatives to a share in dealing with general trade problems. It seems manifestly right, for instance, that men no less than masters should consider how the Industry is affected by tariff questions, or how high wages or reduced working hours may be made compatible with the maintenance of the export trade.